Novas is a global expert on medical practice marketing strategies, specifically those pertaining to regenerative medicine.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—Benito Novas, CEO of the Global Stem Cells Group, will serve as the keynote speaker at an event sponsored by the International Society for Stem Cell Application held in Mexico City on May 3-4, 2019. Novas is known as a global experts on medical practice marketing strategies, specifically those pertaining to the regenerative medicine field.

The Mexico City Stem Cells Seminar is a two-day medical congress and the first of its kind to offer an entire day focused on medical marketing. Novas will serve as both a keynote speaker and also as a marketing professional to offer his expertise during this portion of the congress.

As the CEO of the Global Stem Cells Group, Benito Novas is an entrepreneur and leader of an international enterprise that provides complete services to the regenerative medicine industry. Though his work, he has created programs that provide Stem Cells Certification opportunities for practitioners in the field in addition to supporting stem cells medical research efforts across the globe.

Benito Novas is known as a global expert on research marketing strategies, especially pertaining to the realm of regenerative medicine. He has extensively researched marketing strategies that are proven to grow medical practices worldwide, including those in the US. Putting his research to use, Novas has successfully grown regenerative medical practices across the globe.

In addition to his personal research pursuits, Benito Novas frequently lends his expertise as a marketing expert to private medical practices and other groups worldwide. He has also conducted medical business in various countries across South America and the Middle East.

To learn more about Benito Novas, visit his LinkedIn profile at

Free from US regulatory constraints, the center offers stem cells protocols needed to effectively treat a wide variety of disease.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—For physicians based in the United States looking for high-quality patient care in the realm of regenerative medicine, the Stem Cells Center in Cancun, Mexico offers a cutting-edge care solution outside of the US. The Cancun center is a member of the Global Stem Cells Group network, which is comprised of a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology and regenerative medicine.

A number of conditions that patients present may require physicians to use treatment methods that will increase the cell counts that are delivered during the protocol. For patients suffering from chronic degenerative conditions or disorders based in genetics, physicians may need to culture expanded autologous cells. Currently, autologous stem cell expansion conducted in labs before being reintroduced into patients is not a viable treatment option in the US due to regulatory constraints.  Thus, both the patient and physician are left turning to less effective treatment options using only cells obtained in the medical office.

For patients suffering from some degenerative conditions, more involved methods of therapy and more aggressive ways of deploying cells may be necessary than current US regulations allow. To deploy these more aggressive forms of treatment, catheterization is ideal. To perform intricate catheterizations of the carotid artery and the vascular arteries of the brain, for instance, it is critical to have a properly staffed and equipped hospital to perform the procedure. A hemodynamics suite and having an intensive care unit nearby are essential tenets of such treatment protocols.

Patients requiring more aggressive and effective treatment options for degenerative and chronic diseases can receive the treatment they need at the Stem Cell Center in Cancun. Because the facility is located outside of the US, patients and physicians are not bound by regulatory limitations affecting lab-expanded autologous cells.

The Global Stem Cells Groups’ facility in Cancun is a Level 3 hospital equipped with an intensive care operating room and a hemodynamics suite ideal for patients needing critical treatments using regenerative medicine. Hospital staff includes a highly-ranked, high-level specialist in the area of regenerative medicine. Current facility protocols are in place to cater to patients needing the facility’s specialized services, and the hospital is associated with a local laboratory that can easily provide the amount of allogeneic cells needed for treatments requiring them.

Physicians with patients who may benefit from the medical services offered at the Stem Cells Center in Cancun are invited to reach out to set up a meeting to learn more about what services the facility offers and how to access the center for treatment. To learn more about the Global Stem Cells Group and the Cancun facility, visit

AdimarketTM Flow uses exosomes in compliance with US regulations to provide innovative treatment options to those suffering from degenerative diseases.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—Adimarket, LLC, a subsidiary of the Global Stem Cells Group is a leading distributor of products for regenerative medicine providers, has announced a new stem cells product, exosomes, to its product portfolio. The product is available online via Adimarket’s website at and comes in a 1 mL vial and is available for 24-hour delivery after orders placed from any US city.

Exosomes contain a variety of genetic materials, such as mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs), which imply they may play a critical role in cell-to-cell communication. AdimarketTM Flow is procured and processed according to US standards and regulations established by the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB) and the United States Food and Drug Association (FDA).

Exosomes are currently non-reactive and FDA approved.

Exosomes provide an exciting new treatment option for those suffering from degenerative diseases. As a next-generation therapy option, exosomes work by isolating the beneficial signals released by stem cells and use them rather than the stem cells themselves. Using exosomes as a viable therapeutic option makes sense, as they cause other cells to react and change their behavior accordingly. Research and application demonstrate that there is incredible therapeutic potential within extracellular vesicles, particularly exosomes.

Physicians exploring exosomes as a therapeutic option should familiarize themselves with their components and signal deliveries. Components of exosomes include MSCs, cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and hyaluronic acid (HA). They are able to deliver the following signals to target cells: anti-apoptotic, anti-fibrotic, pro-angiogenic and pro-differentiation.

Adimarket, LLC is a leading distributor of products for practitioners in the regenerative medicine field. The online market offers a vast portfolio of goods, ranging from office equipment to cellular- and tissue-based products. The Global Stem Cells Group, which owns Adimarket, continually develops and launches new products specifically for regenerative medicine practitioners to assure physicians have all they need to practice in their field safely and effectively.

To learn more about AdimarketTM Flow and all of Adimarket’s regenerative medicine products, visit

The organization recognizes Cuban doctors living outside of Cuba committed to delivering high-quality care

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—Dra. Maritza Novas, MSc, has been earned the honorary distinction of being named as a member of the Asociacion de Medicos Cubanos Altamente Especializados, or AMECAE. The organization recognizes Cuban doctors living outside of Cuba who provide excellence in care and research in highly specialized medical fields.

AMECAE is a non-profit organization composed of Cuban doctors living outside of Cuba that has challenged the medical community to provide the highest quality of care to patients worldwide. Each year, AMECAE welcomes a distinguished new class of doctors into the organization who have demonstrated that they have provided great service to their patients while contributing to helping their respective medical specialties overcome challenges and reach new levels of success.

Dra. Novas currently serves as the Global Stem Cells Group’s (ISSCA) Development and Research Director. The group is a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology, and regenerative medicine. During her time with ISSCA, Dra. Novas has developed new standards for the stem cells industry through establishing new regenerative medicine protocols. She also serves as the head of the Stem Cells Center in Cancun, which provides stem cells treatments for patients who travel from the US who suffer from degenerative diseases.

Dra. Novas earned AMECAE’s honor as a result of her vast impact on the field of regenerative medicine. In her time as a doctor, Dra. Novas has made a profound impact on her patients through innovative treatments using regenerative medicine. Additionally, in her role as both a physician and researcher, Dra. Novas has trained countless other doctors in the area of regenerative medicine, which has led to their certification in the area.

To learn more about the Global Stem Cells Group and the work Dra. Novas is engaged in, visit

The center in Chochabamba is a subsidiary of the Global Stem Cells Group and is the 35th such center in the world.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—The Global Stem Cells Group, a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology, and regenerative medicine, is pleased to announce the opening of the Stem Cells Center in Chochabamba, Bolivia. Inaugural events celebrating the center’s opening will take place in Chochabamba on June 8-9, 2019.

The Bolivian center is the 35th Stem Cells Center in the world, strengthening the Global Stem Cells Group’s presence worldwide as they seek to expand research for and the practice of regenerative medicine across the globe.

Representatives from the Global Stem Cells Group and local physicians alike see the impending impact on the Bolivian medical community from having an innovative center such as the Stem Cells Center as a positive one. The center will offer a permanent space within the country where industry experts can train Bolivian doctors in the latest stem cell therapies. These training programs will result in better care for Bolivian patients suffering from degenerative conditions by keeping care close to home and introducing them to more effective treatment options.  

The Global Stem Cells Group will provide the center with all necessary medical equipment to support a regenerative medicine practice. The group additionally provided training to all Bolivian doctors and support staff working at the center, which will be led by Dra. Cecilia Vargas.

As part of the two-day inaugural celebration, Global will be hosting a social at the Hotel Chochabamba on June 8th. The local medical community is welcome to join the event.

To learn more about the Global Stem Cells Group, visit

To learn more about the Stem Cells Center, visit

ISSCA doctors to serve as keynote speakers at international conference and will host an additional stem cells course in Barcelona.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida— The International Society for Stem Cell Application (ISSCA), a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology, and regenerative medicine, has accepted an invitation to speak at the XXVIIas Jornadas Mediterraneas de Confrontaciones Terapeuticas en Medicina y Cirugia Cosmetica in Barcelona. The conference will be held on May 23-25, 2019 at the Hotel Barceló Sants, with experts from ISSCA leading the keynote session on May 25th. Following the conference on May 26th,, ISCCA doctors will also be hosting a one-day stem cells course for practitioners of regenerative medicine.

Dra. Maritza Novas of the United States and Dr. Leopoldo Parada of Chile will be speaking on behalf of ISSCA about new therapies based on allogenic compounds such as amniotic liquid, Wharton’s jelly, cord blood, and exosomes and how they present exciting new treatment opportunities for those practicing regenerative medicine.

Drs. Novas and Parada will shed light on new advances in allogenic compound research and share details with regenerative medicine practitioners on how allogenic compounds are safe treatment options for their patients, as they must pass through rigorous quality control in labs before being shipped to medical offices. Additionally, independent tests show that allogenic compounds have better cellular counts than other biological matter. Doctors currently using allogenic compounds have also reported faster treatment times associated with allogenic protocols, citing a 15-minute turnaround time versus 2 hours required to obtain stem cells from their patients.

After completing their keynote talk at Jornadas Mediterraneas, Drs. Nova and Parada will be leading a one-day stem cells seminar to discuss in further detail allogenic compound clinical applications and the latest clinical trials. The seminar will wrap up with a live patient demonstration.

ISSCA has attended Jornadas Mediterraneas for the last six years. It is a premier conference in the medical community attracting more than 500 doctors from across the globe each year.

To learn more about ISSCA and all of their upcoming and past events, visit

ISSCA’s training programs assist physicians and researchers in developing better protocols for stem cell treatments.

MIAMI LAKES, Florida— The International Society for Stem Cell Application, a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology, and regenerative medicine, is continuing to expand its global training efforts by sponsoring three upcoming training sessions over the next month. The group has a busy schedule, with trainings taking place in Amsterdam, Abu Dhabi, Atlanta, Bogota, Miami and Mexico City.

ISSCA instructors will be hosting two onsite trainings, one in Amsterdam, Netherlands on February 22-23 and another in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates on March 2-3. The training is designed to assist physicians interested in introducing regenerative medicine into their practices adhere to industry practices. Physicians will learn about industry developments and the latest advances in cellular-based treatment protocols.

Utilizing ISSCA’s over 10 years of experience in regenerative medicine, the onsite trainings seek to bring the latest advances in the field to physicians across the world, removing barriers to access. In addition to training physicians, the group uses hands-on-training methods to instruct other medical staff in cellular treatment protocols so they can effectively assist their tending physicians. Trainings are highly personalized and offer physicians the ability to learn only the regenerative medicine treatments they are most interested in.

In early March, ISSCA instructors will also be traveling to Atlanta, Georgia to train physicians on allogenic compound stem cells derived from cord blood. This two-day training will take place in on March 29-30. Physicians with an interest in new regenerative medicine breakthroughs that have produced safer and shorter recovery times and those that have led to higher cellular counts in the degenerative disease treatment process will find this training of interest.

Instructors will lead physicians through a deep dive into the latest stem cell advances pertaining to cord blood research. Attendees will learn about processes for how to extract stem cells from a healthy donor and protocols on how to process stem cells in the lab while adhering to the highest quality control standards.

Instructors will additionally share the science behind allogenic compounds derived from cord blood and which current protocols use cord blood derived stem cells to promote patient healing.

ISSCA trainers will be rounding out their upcoming training schedule with visits to Bogota, Colombia on March 15-16, Miami, Florida on March 22-23 and Mexico City, Mexico on March 29-30. These three trainings will offer Stem Cell Training Certification for physicians seeking to expand their knowledge on the newest stem cells protocols for those wanting to integrate regenerative medicine into their practices. The protocols covered in the trainings can be implemented in medical offices with mini lab equipment. The instructors will engage physicians in hands-on instruction where doctors can practice on live patients.

Trainings in Bogota and Mexico City will be conducted in Spanish, and interested participants can find more information at, while interested Miami participants can learn more at

To learn more about ISSCA, visit

ISSCA to host upcoming regenerative medicine conference in Miami that provides training on allogeneic cellular-based products

MIAMI LAKES, Florida—The International Society for Stem Cell Application, a multi-disciplinary community of scientists and physicians collaborating to treat diseases and lessen human suffering through science, technology, and regenerative medicine, is set to host a conference in Miami on October 25-26, 2019.

The conference will be held at the Biltmore Hotel and will offer more than 250 attendees the opportunity to learn more about allogenic cellular-based products and how they play a critical role in the future of regenerative medicine.


Physicians looking for new alternatives to improve the quality of life of their patients through emerging regenerative medicine protocols and advances are encouraged to attend the Miami conference. In this two-day event, attendees will learn why allogeneic cellular-based products have become today’s most popular regenerative medicine therapeutic option.

Well-respected scientists and researchers in the field of regenerative medicine from across the globe world will share with the audience the basic concepts needed to determine which allogenic cellular-based products are safe to use and what type of clinical indications can be targeted effectively.

“We are pleased to bring this informative and exciting conference to Miami,” said Benito Novas Global Stem Cells Group Founder and CEO. “Our goal is to give doctors the knowledge they need to begin implementing cellular-based treatments in their own practices. These types of treatments have been proven effective in a host of clinical scenarios, including speeding up the patient’s rate of recovery and pain management.”

To learn more about ISSCA, visit

International Federation of Adipose Therapeutics and Sciences (IFATS)

45 Lyme Road – Suite 304

Hanover, NH 03755 USA

Tel: 1-603-643-2325, Fax: 1-603-643-1444


September 26, 2016


Division of Dockets Management (HFA–305) Food and Drug Administration

5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061

Rockville, MD 20852


Re: FDA-2014-D-1856 – Comments to 2014-2015 Draft Guidance regarding:

  • Docket FDA-2014-D-1584: “Same Surgical Procedure Exception under 21 CFR 1271.15(b): Questions and Answers Regarding the Scope of the Exception; Draft Guidance for Industry”;
  • Docket FDA-2014-D-1696: “Minimal Manipulation of Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue-Based Products; Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff”;
  • Docket FDA-2014-D-1856: “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue-Based Products from Adipose Tissue: Regulatory Considerations; Draft Guidance for Industry”;
  • Docket FDA-2015-D-3581: “Homologous Use of Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue- Based Products; Draft Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff.”


Dear Sirs and Madams:

The International Federation of Adipose Therapeutics and Sciences (IFATS) appreciates this opportunity to submit the following comments to supplement its earlier written comments and recent testimony at the September 12-13, 2016 Public Hearing on the 2014-2015 Draft HCT/P Guidances concerning: a) Minimal Manipulation; b) Same Surgical Procedure; c) Adipose Tissue; and d) Homologous Use.

IFATS is committed to the responsible advance of the science and translation of new adipose therapies, and it is determined to ensure patient safety. It was founded in 2003 by pioneering adipose stem cell biologists and clinician–scientists with the goal of advancing the science of adipose tissue biology and its clinical translation to therapeutic applications. Since that time, IFATS has remained at the forefront of regenerative medical applications involving adipose tissue and cells. Membership now spans 40 countries in North America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Australia, and Central and South America, and includes basic scientists, translational researchers, clinicians, and regulatory and biotech representatives. IFATS is formally aligned with, and its members serve on the editorial boards of the prestigious journals, Stem Cells and Stem Cells Translational Medicine. With the International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT), IFATS has provided the scientific community with a detailed description and definition of adipose derived cells (both stromal vascular fraction, or SVF, and adipose-derived stromal/stem cells, or ASCs) in the formal publication entitled Cytotherapy. Thus, IFATS possesses the necessary expertise to assist regulatory agencies in understanding adipose tissue, and regulating the safety and efficacy of adipose-related products and therapies.

Drawing on this expertise, IFATS has reviewed the 4 draft guidances with great care. It respectfully requests the FDA to reconsider and modify the 4 draft HCT/P guidances as follows:
Recommendation #1 – Cell-Based Risks: Interpret and evaluate an HCT/P’s homologous use and minimal manipulation based on its manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 Recommendation  #2  –  Provider-Based  Risks:  Reduce  provider-created  risks  by  targeting provider behavior.

 Recommendation #3: Recognize that adipose HCT/Ps have both structural and nonstructural functions, and regulate based on its manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 Recommendation #4: Revise the evaluation of minimal manipulation and homologous use as they pertain to particular applications of adipose tissue.

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IFATS recognizes the FDA’s challenge in developing regulations that fulfill the agency’s dual and interrelated responsibilities of protecting patients while promoting innovation. IFATS further recognizes that although these are complementary rather than competing objectives, they are often difficult to pursue simultaneously. The FDA’s 3-tiered, risk-based §§ 361 – 351 framework balances these concerns by making the degree of regulatory oversight proportionate to the degree of an HCT/P therapy’s risk.

The concepts of homologous use and minimal manipulation are key determinants of whether an HCT/P will be classified as a § 361 product (which does not need premarket approval) or a § 351 drug, device and/or biological product (which requires formal premarket approval). The applicability of § 351’s “same surgical procedure” exception also turns on homologous use and minimal manipulation. For most manufacturer-clinicians, § 351 categorization raises insurmountable obstacles due to the time and expense of obtaining premarket approval. In such cases, § 351 classification effectively prohibits access to safe and effective HCT/P therapies, even when those therapies involve a patient’s own cells and/or can deliver superior results with reduced risks. At the same time, § 351 oversight is essential for therapies that pose greater risks due the HCT/P’s characteristics, mechanism(s) of action and circumstances of use.

A second type of risk involves rogue clinicians offering false promise in the form of unproven therapies performed with few safeguards and less training.  Provider misconduct is not unique to HCT/P therapies; it pervades all areas of medical practice. Nevertheless, IFATS shares the FDA’s alarm over such practices in the context of HCT/Ps, and is equally determined to curtail them. Because a solution cannot solve a problem without identifying and attacking its root cause, effective regulation of HCT/P-related risks must recognize and respond to their multivariate causes. Put simply:

  • Sections 351 and 361 appropriately attempt to regulate HCT/P therapies proportionate to the risks of unpredictable and/or unsafe cell behavior.
  • However, the risks of untrained providers misusing HCT/P therapies are caused by providers misbehaving, not cells misbehaving.

 Consequently, interpretive guidance that restricts the definition and application of HCT/P terminology can only go so far in restricting provider-based risks. In addition, restrictive, inaccurate or imprecise definitions and interpretations carry their own risks of restricting access to therapies and restricting a patient’s right to evaluate risk through the process of informed consent.

Therefore, IFATS recommends that the FDA adopt an overall two-part strategy that focuses on both categories of HCT/P risks, i.e., those relating to cell behavior and those that pertain to provider behavior.

Recommendation #1 Cell-Based Risks:

Interpret and evaluate an HCT/P’s homologous use and minimal manipulation based on its manufacturer’s intended use in the patient. Interpretive guidance should predicate each definition on to the functions and/or characteristics of the specific composition (i.e., cell type(s) and/or matrix or other component(s)) that are involved in, and/or relevant to the manufacturer- clinician’s intended use in the patient.

Recommendation #2 – Provider-Based Risks:

To reduce provider-created risks, the FDA should target provider behavior by collaborating with IFATS and comparable organizations to draw on and supplement existing federal and state methods of certification, registration, and similar measures.

Adopting this two-part strategy can control risk more comprehensively – and therefore more effectively – in furtherance of the FDA’s dual and interrelated obligations of protecting patients and promoting the availability of HCT/P therapies.  IFATS explains each recommendation as follows:
Recommendation #1 – Cell-Based Risks: Interpret and evaluate an HCT/P’s homologous use and minimal manipulation based on its manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 The four draft guidances on homologous use, minimal manipulation, same surgical procedure and adipose tissue individually and collectively intend to “improve stakeholders’ understanding” of 21 CFR 1271 by clarifying the FDA’s interpretation of homologous use and minimal manipulation. As demonstrated by the initial round of public comments and the ensuing public hearing on September 12 and 13, 2016, the draft guidance documents have not clarified applicable regulations. They have instead compounded the difficulty of understanding and complying with them. The drafts’ introduction of new definitional inaccuracies has also amplified rather than reduce patient risk.

IFATS respectfully requests the agency to clarify the definitions and application of homologous use and minimal manipulation by interpreting each as referring to the characteristics of the specific cell type(s) and/or the matrix or other component(s) that are involved in, and/or relevant to the manufacturer’s intended use in the patient. Thus, the definition of homologous use with interpretive guidance would read as follows:

21 CFR 1271.3(c): Homologous use means the repair, reconstruction, replacement, or supplementation of a recipient’s cells or tissues with an HCT/P that performs the same basic function or functions in the recipient as in the donor.
Recommended GUIDANCE: As used in this section, “performs the same basic function or functions in the recipient as in the donor” shall be interpreted as referring to one or more of the function(s) of the specific composition of the therapeutic/product, reflecting the specific cell type(s) and/or the specific matrix or other component(s) in the donor tissue that are involved in, and/or relevant to the manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 Similarly, the definition of minimal manipulation with interpretive guidance would read as follows:

21 CFR 1271.3(f)   Minimal manipulation means:

  •  For structural tissue, processing that does not alter the original relevant characteristics of the tissue relating to the tissue’s utility for reconstruction, repair, or replacement;
  • For cells  or  nonstructural  tissues,  processing  that  does  not  alter  the  relevant  biological characteristics of cells or

Recommended GUIDANCE: As used in this section, “relevant” characteristics shall be interpreted to mean the characteristics of the specific cell type(s) and/or the specific matrix or other component(s) in the donor tissue that are involved in, and/or relevant to the manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 Rationale: Incorporating and relying on the manufacturer’s intended use harmonizes the interpretation and definition of homologous use and minimal manipulation with statutory directives to predicate the regulation of drugs, devices and biologics on the manufacturer’s intended use.

Defining relevant characteristics in terms of “the characteristics of specific cell type(s) and/or the matrix or other component(s) in the donor tissue that are involved in, and/or relevant to the manufacturer’s intended use in the patient” promotes patient safety by insisting on a reasonable and scientifically supportable rationale for using an HCT/P for a particular mechanism of action. This clarification balances the FDA’s dual responsibilities of protecting patients from undue safety risks while promoting the ongoing availability and continued development of HCT/P therapies.

Example of Non-Homologous Use: Decellularized adipose matrix used to accomplish the manufacturer’s intended use of a particular metabolic or systemic effect in the patient (e.g., reducing insulin levels in a diabetic patient) is non-homologous because decellularized matrix is not relevant to metabolic or systemic activity.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

Recommendation #2 – Provider-Based Risks: To reduce provider-created risks, the FDA should target provider behavior by collaborating with IFATS and comparable organizations to draw on, and supplement existing federal and state methods of certification, registration, and similar measures.

For a risk-reduction strategy to succeed, it must target the root cause of the risk. Revising, retracting or replacing interpretations of regulatory terminology can target the risks of cells behaving in an unsafe ways, but can do little to prevent providers from behaving in unsafe ways. Because the risks of irresponsible providers offering unsafe treatments are not exclusive to HCT/P therapies, many federal and state mechanisms already exist for identifying, disciplining and prohibiting clinics and clinicians from endangering patients.

IFATS shares the FDA’s concern about provider-related risks in the HCT/P sector and shares its determination to end or minimize these risks. IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to collaborate with it and comparable organizations to identify and draw on existing federal and state methods for curtailing provider misconduct, and developing additional protections in the form of provider certification, registration, monitoring and similar measures. At present, the §§ 351-361 regulatory framework does not – and cannot – adequately respond to this form of risk. Collaboration among stakeholders and coordination with existing means of provider oversight offers the most effective and efficient strategy for protecting patients from provider-created risk.

Therefore, IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to meet with IFATS, the American Association of Blood Banks and other accreditation bodies for the purpose of working together to identify provider-focused safety objectives and measures that can be translated into formal accreditation requirements and interpretive guidance.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

Recommendation #3: Recognize that adipose HCT/Ps have both structural and nonstructural functions, and regulate based on its manufacturer’s intended use in the patient.

 IFATS requests the FDA to expand its definition of adipose tissue from exclusively structural in function to include both structural and/or nonstructural functions, depending on the manufacturer’s intended use in  the patient. This modification is critically necessary in order to:

  1. Reconcile the  interpretive  guidance  on  the  definition  and  regulation  of  adipose  with applicable statutory and regulatory requirements;
  2. Reflect and ensure biological accuracy; and most importantly,
  3. Regulate an HCT/P’s risks based on the manufacturer’s intended use and mechanisms of action in the patient.

More specifically:
a.      Recognizing adipose tissue’s structural and/or nonstructural functions is required by applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.

 Adipose HCT/Ps must be defined as having structural and/or nonstructural functions to align the draft guidance with statutory and regulatory recognition that cells and tissues may have more  than  one function. According to 42 USC § 321(g)(1), “[t]he term ‘drug’ means … (B) articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals; and (C) articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals; and (D) articles intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (A), (B), or (C). (emphasis added). Statutory directives to focus on intended use pervade FDA regulation, including the regulation of drugs, biologics, devices, cosmetics, pesticides and more. Applicable statutes and regulations explicitly and implicitly recognize that the human body is complex, and its tissues and cells are often versatile and multi-functional. For example, 21 CFR 1271.3(c)’s definition of homologous use correctly recognizes that an HCT/P may have more than one “basic function.” It never says or even suggests that an HCT/P can only have one function, or that the regulator has sole authority to define that function and thereby dictate a manufacturer’s intended use. And yet the draft guidances do just that by insisting that adipose HCT/Ps are solely structural.

To align interpretive guidance with the regulations and statutory provisions being interpreted, IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to avoid pre-determining specific functions and uses for specific HCT/Ps. Instead, it should base regulations and guidance on the HCT/P’s function(s) and characteristic(s) that are relevant to its intended use by the manufacturer.
b.      Recognizing adipose tissue’s structural and/or nonstructural functions is necessary to correct factual inaccuracy.

 Regulation 21 CFR 1271.10(a)(4) categorizes an HCT/P as “either” structural or nonstructural, depending on its function. A structural HCT/P “does not have a systemic effect and is not dependent upon the metabolic activity of living cells for its primary function.” A nonstructural HCT/P “has a systemic effect or is dependent upon the metabolic activity of living cells for its primary function.”

The draft adipose guidance expressly acknowledges that adipose tissue contains adipocytes, preadipocytes, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, a variety of immune cells, and also stores energy in the form of lipids. Citing only Junqueira ’s Basic Histology: Text & Atlas , the draft guidance classifies adipose as a connective and therefore structural tissue. This result is internally inconsistent and factually inaccurate – and the FDA’s sole cited authority explains why.

Junqueira classifies connective tissue as: 1) connective tissue proper; 2) embryonic connective tissues; and 3) specialized connective tissues. The latter category defines specialized connective based on their principal specialized functions. Blood, reticular connective tissue, adipose tissue, bone and cartilage all qualify as specialized connective tissues with specialized, nonstructural functions. Junqueira ’s examples include the following:

  • Blood is a specialized connective tissue; its principal function of transport is nonstructural.
  • Reticular connective tissues include the liver, pancreas, bone marrow and lymph They are nonstructural tissues because their principal functions are metabolic, including endocrine.
  • According to Junqueira – the FDA’s sole cited authority adipose tissue is nonstructural specialized connective tissue; its primary function is metabolic with co-existing structural

Junqueira ’s categorization of adipose as primarily nonstructural reflects longstanding scientific consensus. In1893, Gustav Neuber described his use of fat grafting in the orbital region to heal the adherent scarring which was the sequela of osteomyelitis. As a result of its nonstructural healing functions, the fat graft transformed facial scarring to more normal appearing skin and subcutaneous tissues. [6] In 1912, Holländer described the successful use of fat injections to prevent the recurrence of scarring following breast surgery. [7] In 1926, Charles Conrad Miller developed a new system for injecting fat grafts, and described 36 cases of correcting cicatricial contraction on the face and neck, and reported “excellent results” for another 2 cases after using fat grafts to treat “very persistent parotid fistulas…which defied all other methods of treatment.” [8] These and similarly favorable outcomes resulted from fat’s transformational nonstructural repair of the tissues into which it was placed. [8]

The understanding of the diverse roles of adipose tissue has steadily expanded [9], due in large part to the discovery of the first widely accepted adipokine, leptin, in the mid-1990’s. [10] Adipose tissue secretes proteins with systemic actions on hematopoietic, reproductive, metabolic, and other cells and tissues demonstrates unequivocally that adipose meets the definition of a true “endocrine” organ.[11,12] A Google scholar search of all available online medical and research databases for “the primary function of Adipose Tissue” returns 538,000 journal articles. Although the search did not designate a  specific function, the search results referred to adipose tissue almost exclusively as a nonstructural metabolic and endocrine organ with secretory properties. A search for an exact match of the phrase “primary function of adipose tissue” yielded the following: “It was long believed the primary function of adipose tissue was energy storage; in fact, stromal adipose is a complicated endocrine organ.” However, even energy storage is nonstructural.

The FDA’s draft guidance on minimal manipulation defines nonstructural tissues as “serv[ing] predominantly metabolic or other biochemical roles in the body such as hematopoietic, immune, and endocrine functions.” To illustrate, the draft guidance offers “cord blood, lymph nodes, pancreatic tissue” as examples of nonstructural tissue. These tissues are indeed nonstructural – but they are also specialized connective tissue, as explained in Junqueira. In addition adipose has “hematopoietic, immune, and endocrine functions,” as explained below. As demonstrated by Junqueira, adipose HCT/Ps clearly do more than “reconstruction, repair, or replacement that relate to its utility to cushion and support the other tissues in the subcutaneous layer (subcutaneum) and skin.And the FDA’s own nonstructural examples prove that classifying connective tissue, including adipose tissue as solely structural is factually inaccurate and logically flawed.

 Thus, IFATS strongly recommends that the draft guidances be revised to define and categorize adipose tissue has both structural and nonstructural functions.

In support, IFATS offers the following examples of adipose’s nonstructural, and combined nonstructural and structural functions.
Nonstructural Functions of Adipose HCT/Ps:

  1.  Nonstructural Endocrine Functions – It is well recognized that adipose is an endocrine organ which, like other endocrine organs, performs a variety of nonstructural Adipose tissue secretes proteins with nonstructural, systemic actions on hematopoietic, reproductive, metabolic, and other cells and tissues. [11, 12]


  • Glucose and lipid metabolism control via adipokine secretion [13]
  • Reproductive and endocrine control via adipokine secretion [14-16]
  • Immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive systemic control via cytokine and protein factor secretion [17-22]

2.      Nonstructural Paracrine Functions

  • Angiogenic control via vasculogenic cytokine secretion [22-26]
  • Hematopoietic control via cytokine secretion, both locally and systemically [27]
  • Neurogenesis via secretion of cytokine factors [28-34]

3.  Nonstructural Hematopietic Potential of adipose stem cells in adipose deposits

  • Reservoir for hematopoietic and lymphoid progenitor cells similar to bone marrow [18, 35, 36]
  • Thermogenesis (brown and beige fat)[37-41]
  • Energy reservoir (white adipose depots) [42,43]

4.      Nonstructural Promotion of Lactation

  • Fat serves as an energy reservoir and nutrient supply for breast epithelial cells.
  • As pregnancy progresses, the breast epithelium proliferates in a branching manner to occupy the majority of the adjacent adipose tissue and
  • At parturition, the epithelial cells draw on the lipid reserves of adipocytes within immediate proximity and secrete these nutrients into the milk available to the newborn infant during
  • As long as the mother continues to breast feed the infant, the epithelial cells remain viable and
  • If suckling is discontinued for periods of 24 to 48 hours, the epithelial cells undergo rapid apoptosis, leaving pre-adipocytes and adipocytes as the predominant cell within the breast
  • While the presence and organization of epithelial cells within the breast tissue provide it with a unique architecture, the mammary adipocytes themselves show remarkable similarity to adipocytes from elsewhere in the Thus, the mammary fat pad displays homology to other adipose tissue depots.[44]

5.      Nonstructural Regenerative Functions

  • Local and circulating multipotent progenitor cells can repair and regenerate damaged tissues such as repairing irradiated skin, alleviating fibrotic changes, improving mobility and vitality, and repairing structures such as hair follicles and [45-47]. Specific examples include:
    • Modulation of scarring
    • Treatingold burn scars [55-57]
    • Release of adherent scarring/fasciotomies [58]
    • Modulation of scarring in primary cleft lip repair [59]
  • Multipotent progenitor cells may be recruited for repair and regeneration of ischemic damage induced by acute myocardial infarction. [48]
  • Adipose mesenchymal stem cells as progenitor cells in a perivascular position contribute to vascular network formation and vascular structures.[49-52] As such, the adipose mesenchymal stem cells are located in a position and serve a role shared by mesenchymal stem cells located in nearly all body tissues [53]. Adipose MSCs located in a range of tissues can enhance vascularity and perfusion, and thus provide cells that are precisely homologous to those already present in the
  • Adipose mesenchymal stem cells induce a monocyte/macrophage phenotype switch from M1 to M2 macrophages, contributing to improved infarct healing post-acute myocardial [54]

6.  Nonstructural Functions in Bone Marrow – Bone marrow and blood products are exempt from regulation under § 351 and 361. For over 40 years, it has been clearly established that adipose is present in bone marrow where it serves a wide variety of nonstructural functions. The following physiologic processes have nothing to do with providing cushioning and support and therefore are not properly categorized as a structural use or function of adipose cells. [3]

  • Pre-adipocytes as mesenchymal cells in bone marrow: Bone marrow contains a spectrum of mesenchymal cells, including pre-adipocytes that can perform the nonstructural function of differentiating into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes depending on the organism’s current needs.
  • Pre-adipocytes and adipocytes regulate lympho-hematopoiesis and enable the bone marrow microenvironment to regulate proliferation within blood cell lineages to favor erythropoiesis rather than Adipocytes also contain nonstructural metabolic precursors and energy for the purpose of lympho-hematopoiesis. This is a nonstructural function.
  • Adipocytes are essential for synthesizing plasma membranes during blood cell development because they contain cholesterol esters, triglycerides and lipoproteins.
  • Bone marrow and extramedullary adipocytes are critical for homeostatic control of temperature in the bone marrow microenvironment and throughout the body, and thus contribute to the overall energy metabolism of the organism.
  • Bone marrow adipose tissue is an essential endocrine organ.[4] Bone marrow adipose tissue (MAT) increases during caloric restriction (CR), is responsible for increased adipokine secretion, and alters skeletal muscle adaptation to These and other observations identify MAT as an endocrine organ.

BOTH Nonstructural and Structural Functions: In the following examples, adipose’s structural and nonstructural functions combine for the patient’s benefit:

  1. Reversal of damage caused by therapeutic radiation [60-63]
    • Structural (filling tissue defect) uses, and
    • Nonstructural tissue repair and regenerative uses [63]
  1. Treatingacute thermal injury [64-65]
    • Treating Pain Mitigating implant breast pain [66]
    • Improving post-mastectomy pain [67-68]
    • Improving lower back pain [70]
    • Nerveor neuroma repair [71-72]
  1. Healing ulcers
    • Treatingpressure sores [73]
    • Treating chronic non-healing anal fissures and associated stenosis [74]
  1. Treating vocal fold paralysis [75-77]
  2. Treating velopharyngeal insufficiency [78]
  3. Treating scleroderma and systemic sclerosis [79]
  4. TreatingDupuytren’s disease of the hand [80, 81]
  5. Treating Raynaud’s phenomenon – After fat grafting, there is improved symptomatology with evidence suggestive of measurably increased perfusion [82]
  6. Improving tendon repair
    1. Adipose tissue assists in tenolysis for foot and hand tendon [83]
    2. Treating adherent tendons and joints in burn patients with fat graft [84]
  7. Preventing osseous reunion of skull defects [85]
  8. Improvingthe quality of skin [86]

c.   Regulating an HCT/P’s risks based on the manufacturer’s intended use and mechanisms of action in the patient ensures meaningful evaluation and effective regulation of risk.

 The §§ 351-361 framework conditions the degree of regulatory oversight on the degree of an HCT/P’s risk. The homologous use and minimal manipulation criteria are central to determining whether an HCT/P will be classified as a § 361 or § 351 product, and if the latter, whether § 351’s “same surgical procedure” exception will apply. In turn, the existence of homologous use and minimal manipulation depend on the HCT/P’s structural or nonstructural function.  More specifically:

21 CFR 1271.3(c) defines homologous use as “the repair, reconstruction, replacement, or supplementation of a recipient’s cells or tissues with an HCT/P that performs the same basic function or functions in the recipient as in the donor.”

21 CFR 1271.3(f) evaluates minimal manipulation of structural tissue in terms of processing that does not alter “the original relevant characteristics of the tissue relating to” the tissue’s utility for reconstruction, repair, or replacement. For nonstructural tissues, it evaluates “the relevant biological characteristics of cells or tissues.”

Insisting that adipose be evaluated as exclusively structural precludes any evaluation of its nonstructural functions despite their presence and importance in the donor and intended use and therapeutic benefits for the recipient. Failing § 361’s homologous use and minimal manipulation criteria are virtually guaranteed. This effectively prohibits any nonstructural use, and precludes any meaningful evaluation of their risks.

As a result, it effectively prohibits patient access to safe nonstructural applications of adipose tissue and thereby undermines the FDA’s obligations to protect patients and promote innovation.

 The  “ same surgical procedure”  exception  to  §  351   also  becomes  completely  unavailable  for nonstructural use of adipose because it similarly requires homologous use and minimal manipulation.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

Recommendation #4: Revise the evaluation of minimal manipulation and homologous use as they pertain to particular applications of adipose tissue, (as detailed below).

 IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to reconsider three particular applications of adipose tissue with regard to homologous use and minimal manipulation, each of which is required for § 361 classification as well as § 351’s “same surgical procedure” exception. In specific, IFATS requests the FDA to change its prior examples of the absence of homologous use and/or minimal manipulation to recognize the following:

  • Decellularizing adipose tissue for structural use is minimal manipulation.
  • Structural use of fat in the breast constitutes homologous
  • Stromal vascular fractionation (SVF) of adipose to obtain nonstructural adipose components for use as a nonstructural tissue constitutes minimal

Each is explained in order
a.      Decellularizing adipose tissue for structural use is minimal manipulation.

 The draft guidance currently states that decellularizing structural adipose tissue constitutes more than minimal manipulation because the process alters the tissue’s ability to perform structural functions. This is incorrect. Adipose tissue’s structural functions are performed by a dense and interconnected skeleton of reticular fiber and dense connective tissue. Its biomechanical properties include tensile strength and elasticity, both of which are central to the structural functions of padding and cushioning.

Nonstructural components such as adipocytes, pre-adipocytes, lipids, etc. do not contribute to adipose’s  structural characteristics or functions. It is well recognized that decellularization leaves adipose’s structural components fully intact. It does not alter, disturb or weaken the remaining reticular fiber and dense connective tissue skeleton, or compromise its ability to perform structural functions. Multiple reports have demonstrated that decellularized adipose tissue retains structural properties and can be injected to impart padding and cushioning of soft tissues. [89-93]

The FDA already classifies decellularized dermis as minimally manipulated, thereby acknowledging that the process of decellularization does not alter structural characteristics or functions of the remaining structural matrix. Removing cells from dermis and removing cells from adipose employ comparable methods to achieve comparable results. Decellularizing adipose for structural use, like decellularizing dermis for structural use, does not alter structural characteristics.

For these reasons, IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to revise the draft guidance to recognize that decellularized adipose is minimally manipulated as required by § 361 and § 351’s “same surgical procedure exception.”

b.      Structural use of fat in the breast constitutes homologous use.

 Example B-3 of the draft adipose guidance states that application of adipose-based HCT/Ps to the breast is nonhomologous use because “[t]he basic function of breast tissue is to produce milk (lactation) after childbirth. Because this is not a basic function of adipose tissue, using HCT/Ps from adipose tissues for breast augmentation would generally be considered a non-homologous use.” This logic is flawed and must be corrected because it mischaracterizes the function of the breast, and mischaracterizes the function of adipose in breast surgery.

  • For the purpose of determining homologous use, the basic function of the breast is a secondary sex organ. In terms of shape, form and appearance, the breast is vital to a woman’s bodily integrity and body image, psychological sense of self, and overall physical and emotional health and well-being.
  • Lactation is not the sole or even primary function of the breast.
    • Most women never lactate, but their breasts do function as secondary sex organs throughout their adolescence and
    • When lactation does occur, it is episodic, time-limited, and accounts for a very small fraction of a woman’s lifespan.
    • Even when healthy, post-menopausal women cannot Restoring lactation is thus completely irrelevant to restoring breast function.
    • All men have breasts, thousands develop breast cancer each year, and many will need reconstructive surgery — even though men do not lactate.
  • Federal law recognizes and protects the breast’s importance as a secondary organ. 
    • The Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act, 29 USC 1185b(a), requires group health insurers to cover “all stages” of breast reconstruction following mastectomy or irradiation, including bilateral correction of asymmetrical appearance where one breast is otherwise unaffected.
    • Restoring lactation is not a goal or even a remote concern of this In fact, lactation is never mentioned in the statute’s text, legislative history or associated regulations.
  • The function of adipose tissue in breast surgery is structural and therefore
    • Mastectomy removes more than the ability to lactate. It removes size, shape and form by removing the breast mound, which is predominantly adipose. Consequently, applying adipose tissue for the structural purpose of restoring form and shape is homologous use.
    • By classifying adipose based tissues as non-homologous when applied to the breast, an entire class of Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) approved breast reconstruction procedures would be at risk for not complying with the same surgical procedure For example:
  • Autologous free tissue flap transfer (“free flap” breast reconstruction) is performed by transferring complex musculocutaneous flaps containing adipose One of the most common methods of reconstruction, it qualifies as an HCT/P because it completely removes fat-containing tissue flaps from the body before implanting. [94-96] Fat grafting for breast reconstruction is another common clinical practice.
  • According to the draft adipose guidance, these and other methods of breast reconstruction could no longer be used without formal premarket approval because they do not restore lactation and are therefore non-homologous. Focusing solely on restoration of lactation ignores the fact that the breast is largely composed of fat tissue and its size, shape and form can be reconstructed with fat
  • This and other methods of breast reconstruction will no longer be available for clinical use under 361 or § 351’s same surgical procedure exception because they will not restore lactation.
  • Removing these and other reconstructive methods from clinical application has nothing to do with risk. It is instead a perverse outcome of insisting that breast reconstruction be evaluated for its ability to restore the breast’s minor and episodic function of lactation despite fat’s ability to restore the breast’s size, shape and function as a secondary sex organ.

For these reasons, IFATS respectfully requests the FDA to revise the draft HCT/P guidance documents to recognize that as applied to the breast, adipose tissue is homologous use because it performs the structural functions of restoring, repairing or reforming size, form and shape.

c.  When intended for a nonstructural use in the patient, stromal vascular fractio n (SVF)cells should be evaluated as nonstructural when determining minimal manipulated and homologous use.

 The FDA’s draft adipose guidance expressly acknowledges that adipose tissue contains a variety of nonstructural components, including adipocytes, preadipocytes, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells, a variety of immune cells, and also stores energy in the form of lipids. These are nonstructural because the cells perform the same regenerative functions in vivo as they do in vitro and animal models. [97- 98] Nonstructural adipose HCT/Ps are readily available in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF). Stromal vascular fractionation of lipoaspirate (typically obtained through liposuction) can remove fat’s structural components, making nonstructural SVF cells available for nonstructural use in a patient.  Just  as removing nonstructural cells through decellularization does not alter the relevant structural characteristics or structural function of the remaining structural matrix, removing structural components does not alter the relevant nonstructural characteristics or nonstructural function of the remaining nonstructural SVF components.

This is minimal manipulation under 21 CFR 1271.3(f)(2) because extracting nonstructural cells or tissues from lipoaspirate “does not alter the relevant biological characteristics of cells or tissues.”

Also, this is homologous use under 21 CFR 1271.3(c) because it uses lipoaspirate’s nonstructural HCT/Ps for “repair, reconstruction, replacement, or supplementation of a recipient’s cells or tissues with an HCT/P that performs the same basic function or functions in the recipient as in the donor.”
Examples: Nonstructural adipose tissue for homologous use, with minimal and more than minimal manipulation à Reversal of radiation damage as intended nonstructural use

 Homologous use with no manipulation: Using liposuction aspirate to perform fat grafting/adipose tissue therapy for the intended use or of reversing radiation damage in the breast – a nonstructural function – is homologous use. The structural side-effect of increasing volume may be a collateral benefit, but the intended use is still nonstructural tissue repair.

  • Use is homologous because the HCT/P performs that same basic nonstructural function in both donor and

Homologous use with minimal manipulation: Using liposuction aspirate is indicated for the nonstructural function of reversing radiation damage in the neck without the volume gain of a fat graft.  Separating nonstructural from structural components obtains nonstructural SVF cells for nonstructural use in the patient.

  • Use is homologous because it is performing the intended nonstructural function of reversing radiation
  • Manipulation is minimal because processing does not alter relevant nonstructural biological characteristics.

Homologous use with more than minimal manipulation: Using liposuction aspirate is indicated for the nonstructural function of reversing radiation damage in the intestines by catheter injection of nonstructural SVF. However, an adequate dose is difficult to obtain because the patient is cachectic (low body fat caused by caloric depletion from radiation enteritis). Culture expansion is considered as a means of increasing dose.

  • Use is again homologous because SVF cells would perform the intended nonstructural function of reversing radiation
  • Manipulation is more than minimal because culture expansion of cells to yield a therapeutic dose alters relevant biological characteristic. SVF cells in their natural state do not engage in linear growth to create a homogeneous monoculture. Even tumors do not produce homogeneous monocultures.

Examples: SVF for nonhomologous use >>>Bone (re)generation

 SVF cells do not normally form bone in their native location. Delivering SVF cells to bone for the intended structural function of directly (re)generating new bone (via action of “stem cells”) might be considered. Processing might involve combining SVF cells with one or more additives (such as ex vivo culture media additives) for the intended structural function of (re)generating NEW bone (such as additives added to our culture medias ex vivo). For this scenario:

  • Use is nonhomologous because the basic function in donor and patient will differ if nonstructural SVF cells are combined with one or more additives (such as ex vivo culture media additives) for the intended structural function of (re)generating NEW bone (such as additives added to our culture medias ex vivo).
  • Manipulation is more than minimal because processing would alter the nonstructural SVF’s original relevant characteristics.

◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊

The members of IFATS are grateful for the FDA’s willingness to re-open and extend the period for public comments and allow additional time for the September 2016 public hearing on the 2014-2015 draft HCT/P draft guidances. As a multidisciplinary scientific society composed of adipose stem cell biologists and clinician–scientists, IFATS would greatly appreciate the opportunity to work with the FDA in meeting the challenges of regulating HCT/P therapies. We respectfully request that representatives of the FDA, including the Director of CBER, meet with members of IFATS to discuss the issues addressed herein as well as others that pertain to the advancement and regulation of adipose-based therapies.

Respectfully submitted on behalf of IFATS,

Adam J. Katz, MD, FACS

Chair, IFATS Regulatory Affairs Committee & IFATS Co-Founder University of Florida College of Medicine


Director of Plastic Surgery Research,

Laboratory of BioInnovation and Translational Therapeutics Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery




Bruce Bunnell, PhD

Tulane University / United States


Louis Casteilla, PhD

University of Toulouse  / France


Sydney Coleman, MD

New York & Pittsburgh Universities / United States


Julie Fradette, PhD

Lavalle University / Canada


William Futrell, MD

Founders’ Board University of Pittsburgh / United States


Marco Helder, PhD

VU University Medical Center Amsterdam / The Netherlands


Adam J. Katz, MD, FACS

Founders’ Board University of Florida / United States


Ramon Llull, MD, PhD –

Founders’ Board University of Barcelona / Spain


Kacey Marra, PhD

University of Pittsburgh / United States


Ricardo Rodriguez, MD –

President (2016) Private Practice / Johns Hopkins / United States


Peter Rubin, MD, FACS – Chair, Founders’ Board Chairman of the Board

University of Pittsburgh / United States


Stuart K. Williams, PhD

University of Louisville / United States




Jeff Gimble, MD, PhD

Pennington Biomedical / United States


Keith March, MD, PhD

Indiana University / United States




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After receiving a personal invitation from President Susumu Takayangi MD, Global Stem Cells Group and its Korean biotechnology partner, N-Biotek, participated in the 23rd Congress of the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons that took place this October in Kyoto. With the assistance of more than 1500 physicians and surgeons from around the globe, the conference’s focus was to grow a global understanding of the importance of the aesthetic modalities in plastic and reconstructive surgery and the applications of cellular and regenerative medicine in this field.

The Congress brought together an expert panel for a series of lectures and discussions that hope to provide solutions and create new techniques in the coming years to be applied in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Influential scientific and clinical experts stood together and evaluated the state of research and clinical application.

The keynote speaker in the conference was the Nobel Laureate Shinja Yamanaka.  Dr Yamanaka won the award on 2012 for his creation of induced pluripotential stem cells. Yamanaka addressed among other things the importance of the regenerative medicine field opening a new frontier for the treatment of chronic degenerative conditions.

“We are excited to have attended the ISAPS conference once more. Our goal, as always, is to promote scientific training for physicians and research in stem cell technology that we hope will contribute to the global discussion on how these therapies can advance human health and longevity” says Benito Novas, founder and CEO.

Mr. Sanguk Ra, Business Director of N-Biotek, a biotechnology added ;”these are very exciting times, we see more and more physicians getting involved in regenerative medicine, and that of course puts more pressure on the scientists to help advance the field”

Both companies, as leaders of the industry, launched their new Turnkey Solution, a compact and cohesive laboratory as a concept for physicians’ offices, and the new Progenikine Kit, an enzyme based closed system for isolation of adipose derived stem cells.  To learn more, visit the Global Stem Cells Group website,

About Global Stem Cells Group:

Global Stem Cells Group, Inc. is the parent company of six wholly owned operating companies dedicated entirely to stem cell research, training, products and solutions. Founded in 2012, the company combines dedicated researchers, physician and patient educators and solution providers with the shared goal of meeting the growing worldwide need for leading edge stem cell treatments and solutions. With a singular focus on this exciting new area of medical research, Global Stem Cells Group and its subsidiaries are uniquely positioned to become global leaders in cellular medicine.  Global Stem Cells Group’s corporate mission is to make the promise of stem cell medicine a reality for patients around the world. With each of GSCG’s six operating companies focused on a separate research-based  mission, the result is a global network of state-of-the-art stem cell treatments.